Career Fields

Ground DefenseGround Defense

A force to be reckoned with.

Out of sight, but rarely out of range, ground defense Soldiers assist infantry troops on the battlefield, making sure they have all the support they need. Cavalry scouts gather information on and report enemy movement to tank crews. With information from scouts, tank units can find and stop the enemy before they reach our troops.

Target information gathered by infantry Soldiers, scouts or tank crews is also relayed to field artillery teams. Cannon crews are always ready to deliver decisive blows to the enemy, firing howitzers and using laser range finders to reach targets over 15 miles away. These field artillery crews also operate multiple launch rocket systems, highly mobile units capable of firing 12 guided warheads in under a minute.

  • 13B Cannon Crewmember

    OVERVIEW
    Cannon crewmembers work the howitzer cannons that support infantry and tank units during combat, and play crucial roles in the Army’s success on the battlefield.


    JOB DUTIES

    • Wire and radio communications
    • Identify target locations
    • Operate self-propelled howitzers, ammunition trucks and other vehicles
    • Participate in reconnaissance operations


    TRAINING

    Ten weeks of Basic Combat Training and seven weeks of Advanced Individual Training. Part of this time is spent in the classroom, and part in the field under simulated combat conditions.

    Advanced Individual Training: 5 weeks, 4 days at Fort Sill, OK

    Some of the skills you’ll learn are:

    • Calculating targets manually and electronically
    • Handling ammunition
    • Operating gun systems
    • Artillery tactics and battle strategy


    REQUIRED ASVAB SCORE(S)

    Field Artillery (FA): 93


    HELPFUL SKILLS

    • Interest in cannon operations
    • Physical and mental fitness to perform under pressure
    • Ability to make quick decisions
    • Capable of working as a team member


    WARRANT OFFICER TRACK
    131A Field Artillery Targeting Technician


    FUTURE CIVILIAN CAREERS

    While there is no job equivalent in civilian life, the skills you learn such as teamwork, discipline and leadership, will help you in any career you choose.

  • 13F Fire Support Specialist

    OVERVIEW
    The fire support specialist is primarily responsible for the intelligence activities of the Army’s field artillery team.


    JOB DUTIES

    • Set up and operate communications systems
    • Encode and decode messages
    • Assist in the preparation of fire support plans, coordinates and targets
    • Operate laser range finders and target devices
    • Determine target location using computers or manual calculations


    TRAINING

    Ten weeks of Basic Combat Training and six weeks of Advanced Individual Training with on-the-job instruction. Part of this time is spent in the classroom and part in the field under simulated combat conditions.


    Advanced Individual Training: 7 weeks, 1 day at Fort Sill, OK


    Some of the skills you’ll learn:

    • Computing target locations
    • Ammunition techniques
    • Operating gun, missile and rocket systems
    • Artillery tactics, techniques and procedures


    REQUIRED ASVAB SCORE(S)

    Field Artillery (FA): 96


    HELPFUL SKILLS

    • Interest in cannon and rocket operations
    • Physical and mental fitness to perform under pressure
    • Ability to multitask
    • Capability to work as a team member


    WARRANT OFFICER TRACK
    131A Field Artillery Targeting Technician


    FUTURE CIVILIAN CAREERS

    The skills you learn will help prepare you for a career in computer consulting, technology support, data processing and other related fields.

  • 13M Multiple Launch Rocket System Crewmember

    OVERVIEW
    A multiple launch rocket system crewmember is responsible for operating and maintaining the entire multiple launch rocket system. They support infantry and tank units by supplementing cannon artillery during combat.


    JOB DUTIES

    • Drive and maintain self-propelled launch vehicles
    • Reload ammunition and resupply vehicles
    • Test and maintain fire control systems
    • Mount radio sets and communication systems in all vehicles


    TRAINING
    Ten weeks of Basic Combat Training and four weeks of Advanced Individual Training with on-the-job instruction. Part of this time is spent in the classroom and part in the field under simulated combat conditions.


    Advanced Individual Training: 6 weeks at Fort Sill, OK


    Some of the skills you’ll learn:

    • Calculating target locations manually and electronically
    • Handling ammunition
    • Operating gun, missile and rocket systems
    • Artillery tactics and battle strategy


    HELPFUL SKILLS

    • Interest in cannon and rocket operations
    • Physical and mental fitness to perform under pressure
    • Ability to multitask
    • Capability to work as a team member


    REQUIRED ASVAB SCORE(S)
    Field Artillery (FA): 96

    WARRANT OFFICER TRACK
    131A Field Artillery Targeting Technician


    FUTURE CIVILIAN CAREERS

    While there is no direct job equivalent in civilian life, the skills you learn such as teamwork, discipline and leadership will help you in any civilian career you choose.

  • 13P Multiple Launch Rocket System Operations / Fire Direction Specialist

    OVERVIEW
    The fire direction specialist records the firing data when multiple launch rocket system vehicles launch various missiles and ammunition in quick strikes during combat.


    JOB DUTIES

    • Collect and transmit all data
    • Operate communication systems
    • Gather data and plot firing points using maps
    • Record ammunition used, firing points and mission reports


    TRAINING

    Ten weeks of Basic Combat Training and seven weeks of Advanced Individual Training with on-the-job instruction. Part of this time is spent in the classroom, and part in the field under simulated combat conditions.

    Advanced Individual Training: 7 weeks at Fort Sill, OK

    Some of the skills you’ll learn are:

    • Calculating target locations manually and electronically
    • Plotting points using different types of maps
    • Operating communication systems specifically
    • Artillery tactics and battle strategy


    REQUIRED ASVAB SCORE(S)

    Field Artillery (FA): 96


    HELPFUL SKILLS

    • Interest in cannon and rocket operations
    • Physical and mental fitness to perform under pressure
    • Ability to multitask
    • Capability to work as a team member


    WARRANT OFFICER TRACK
    131A Field Artillery Targeting Technician


    FUTURE CIVILIAN CAREERS
    While there is no direct job equivalent in civilian life, the skills you learn such as teamwork, discipline and leadership will help you in any civilian career you choose.

  • 13R Field Artillery Firefinder Radar Operator

    OVERVIEW
    The field artillery firefinder radar operator is responsible for detecting enemy forces and alerting the units in the Army. Using a “firefinder”—which is a highly specialized radar—they can detect various objects and their locations.


    JOB DUTIES

    • Operate firefinder radar and other systems
    • Establish and maintain radio and wire communications
    • Construct bunkers and similar areas for other field artillery
    • Maintain firefinder radar with scheduled checkups


    TRAINING
    Ten weeks of Basic Combat Training and 10 weeks of Advanced Individual Training with on-the-job instruction. Part of this time is spent in the classroom, and part on firefinder equipment.

    Advanced Individual Training: 10 weeks at Fort Sill, OK

    Some of the skills you’ll learn are:

    • Operating firefinder equipment
    • Basic workings of radar and identifying objects
    • Field tactics and combat communications
    • Calculating/recording speed, direction and altitude


    REQUIRED ASVAB SCORE(S)
    Surveillance & Communications (SC): 98


    HELPFUL SKILLS

    • Interest in radar and electronics
    • Skills in geometry and math
    • Ability to maintain long periods of focus


    WARRANT OFFICER TRACK
    131A Field Artillery Targeting Technician


    FUTURE CIVILIAN CAREERS
    While there is no direct job equivalent in civilian life, the skills you learn such as teamwork, discipline and leadership will help you in any civilian career you choose.

  • 13T Field Artillery Surveyor/Meteorological Crewmember

    OVERVIEW
    The field artillery surveyor/meteorological crewmember is responsible for monitoring weather conditions so the field artillery team can fire and launch missiles accurately. Their role is crucial in the support of infantry and tank units during combat.

    JOB DUTIES

    • Operate meteorological, peripheral and computer equipment
    • Perform astronomic observations
    • Prepare meteorological balloons for launching
    • Develop meteorology data, record field data, prepare schematic sketches and mark survey stations
    • Perform maintenance on vehicles, radios, weapons and all survey equipment


    TRAINING
    Ten weeks of Basic Combat Training and 10 weeks of Advanced Individual Training with on-the-job instruction. Part of this time is spent in the classroom, and part in the field under simulated combat conditions.

    Advanced Individual Training: 10 weeks, 1 day at Fort Sill, OK

    Some of the skills you’ll learn are:

    • Methods of computing target locations
    • Artillery tactics and field combat strategy
    • Ammunition-handling techniques
    • Gun, missile and rocket system operations


    HELPFUL SKILLS

    • Interest in mathematics
    • Physical and mental fitness to perform under pressure
    • Ability to multitask
    • Capability to work as a team member


    REQUIRED ASVAB SCORE(S)
    Electronics (EL): 93


    WARRANT OFFICER TRACK
    131A Field Artillery Targeting Technician

    FUTURE CIVILIAN CAREERS
    The skills you learn will help prepare you for a career as a construction site surveyor, a construction work estimator or within the field of precision instrument repair.


  • 19D Cavalry Scout

    OVERVIEW
    The cavalry scout is responsible for being the eyes and ears of the commander during battle. They engage the enemy in the field, track and report their activity, and direct the employment of weapon systems to their locations.

    JOB DUTIES

    •     Secure and prepare ammunition on scout vehicles
    •     Perform navigation during combat
    •     Report information on terrain, weather and enemy
    •     Collect data to classify routes, tunnels and bridges


    TRAINING
    Sixteen weeks of One Station Unit Training. Some of it takes place in the classroom, but most of it will be spent primarily in the field. Whether it’s taking part in squad maneuvers, target practice or war games, cavalry scouts are constantly refining their skills to keep themselves sharp.

    One Station Unit Training: 16 weeks at Fort Benning, GA

    HELPFUL SKILLS

    •     Readiness to accept a challenge and face danger
    •     Top physical and mental shape
    •     Ability to work as a team member


    REQUIRED ASVAB SCORE(S)
    Combat (CO): 87

    FUTURE CIVILIAN CAREERS
    While there is no direct job equivalent in civilian life, the skills you learn such as teamwork, discipline and leadership will help you in any civilian career you choose.

  • 19K M1 Armor Crewman

    OVERVIEW
    The M1 armor crewman is responsible for operating armored equipment such as the M1A2 Abrams to destroy enemy positions. As part of the tank and armor unit, they are ready to defend our country anywhere in the world.

    JOB DUTIES

    •     Operate tracked and wheeled vehicles over various terrain
    •     Use communications equipment to receive and relay battle orders
    •     Load and fire guns
    •     Read maps, compasses and battle plans


    TRAINING
    Job training for an M1 armor crewman requires 15 weeks of One Station Unit Training. Part of this time is spent in the classroom and part in the field under simulated combat.

    Advanced Individual Training: 15 weeks at Fort Benning, GA

    Some of the skills you’ll learn are:

    •     Tank operations
    •     Armor offensive and defensive tactics
    •     Map reading and scouting techniques
    •     Field combat strategy


    HELPFUL SKILLS

    •     Readiness to accept a challenge and face danger
    •     Top physical and mental shape
    •     Interest in medicine and science
    •     Ability to work as a team member


    REQUIRED ASVAB SCORE(S)
    Combat (CO): 87

    FUTURE CIVILIAN CAREERS
    The skills you learn will help prepare you for a career in any field you choose, but especially in the mechanics repair industry.


  • 13D Field Artillery Automated Data Systems Specialist

    OVERVIEW
    A field artillery automated tactical data systems specialist is primarily responsible for operating the data systems for the cannon and multiple launch rocket systems. They play a critical role in the delivery of fire support for infantry and tank units during combat.


    JOB DUTIES

    • Operate communications systems
    • Assist in the preparation of computer centers
    • Prepare field artillery tactical data systems
    • Determine target location using computers or manual calculations


    TRAINING

    Ten weeks of Basic Combat Training and seven weeks of Advanced Individual Training with on-the-job instructions. Part of this time is spent in the classroom and part in the field under simulated combat conditions.


    Advanced Individual Training: 7 weeks, 1 day at Fort Sill, OK


    Some of the skills you’ll learn:

    • Computing target locations
    • Operating gun, missile and rocket systems
    • Artillery tactics


    REQUIRED ASVAB SCORE(S)

    Field Artillery (FA): 93

    HELPFUL SKILLS

    • Interest in cannon and rocket operations
    • Physical and mental fitness to perform under pressure
    • Ability to multitask
    • Capability to work as a team member


    WARRANT OFFICER TRACK
    131A Field Artillery Targeting Technician


    FUTURE CIVILIAN CAREERS

    The skills you learn will help you in any civilian career you choose. The experience you gain from dealing with various computer and communication systems can also be used in jobs such as computer programmer or telecommunication specialist.

     

  • 13 Field Artillery Officer

    OVERVIEW
    The field artillery officer leads the field artillery branch, which neutralizes the enemy by cannon, rocket and missile fire. The officer must be an expert in tactics, techniques and procedures for the employment of fire support systems.

    JOB DUTIES

    • Lead field artillery troops and combined Armed Forces during land combat
    • Coordinate the employment of field artillery Soldiers at all levels of command
    • Additional positions include the role of fire support officer, fire direction officer, platoon leader and battery executive officer


    TRAINING
    Job training for a field artillery officer requires completion of Basic Officer Leaders Course I and II, and the Field Artillery Officer Basic Course. This will provide in-depth knowledge for fire support, observed fire, fire direction and platoon leadership.

    HELPFUL SKILLS

    • Self-discipline, confidence and intelligence
    • Physical and mental fitness to perform under pressure
    • Ability to make quick decisions
    • Capable of bearing numerous responsibilities


    FUTURE CIVILAN CAREERS
    The skills you learn will help prepare you for a career in fields such as business management. An officer in the Army is closely related to managerial positions in corporations.


  • 19 Armor Officer

    OVERVIEW
    Armor officers are responsible for tank and cavalry/forward reconnaissance operations on the battlefield. The role of an armor officer is to be a leader in operations specific to the armor branch and to lead others in many areas of combat operations.

    JOB DUTIES

    • Command the armor units and combined Armed Forces during land combat
    • Coordinate the employment of armor Soldiers at all levels of command


    TRAINING

    Job training for an armor officer includes completion of the Armor Officer Basic Course, where you learn the skills and operational aspects that are used in an armor platoon. Cavalry officers will need to complete the Scout Leaders and Cavalry Leaders courses.

    HELPFUL SKILLS

    • Self-discipline, confidence and intelligence
    • Physical and mental fitness to perform under pressure
    • Ability to make quick decisions
    • Capable of bearing numerous responsibilities


    FUTURE CIVILAN CAREERS
    The skills you learn will help prepare you for a career in fields such as business management. An officer in the Army is closely related to managerial positions in corporations.


  • 131A Field Artillery Targeting Technician

    DUTIES
    The field artillery warrant officer provides assistance and advice to the commander and staff on all matters relative to the employment of target acquisition assets and the Army’s targeting methodology. This position also synchronizes and coordinates the Army’s targeting process and joint fires at all echelons, as well as plans, organizes, implements, monitors and evaluates operations, threat environment, maintenance and advice on the technical/tactical employment of target acquisition sensors. Junior grades (W1 and W2) may serve as target acquisition platoon leaders or counterfire officers in fire battalions or target/EW integrators at Brigade Combat Team (BCT) HQ.

    Senior warrant officers serve as:

    • W3: BCT Targeting Officers, Field Artillery Intelligence Officers (FAIO) in divisions and corps
    • W4: Corps FAIO, Corps Targeting Officers and Targeting Officers in a battlefield coordination detachment (BCD)
    • W5: Serve as corps and echelons above Corps Targeting Officers


    MINIMUM PREREQUISITES (Army National Guard and Reserve)*

    • Be an SSG and above (not waiverable).
    • Be an Advanced Leader Course (ALC) graduate (not waiverable).
    • Hold MOS 13B, 13D, 13F, 13M, 13P, 13R, 13T, 11C; or Marine 08xx (with five years' experience in a feeder MOS).
    • Must have baseline scores of 110 for Field Artillery (FA) and Skilled Technical (ST).
    • Must have six (6) hours of English composition and three (3) hours of math (with a grade of C or higher) from an accredited college or university.
    • Must have two years' documented (NCOERs) section chief experience in feeder MOS (not waiverable).
    • The majority of NCOERs must reflect outstanding and exceptional duty performance ratings noted with "Among the Best" ratings by the rater and "Successful" and "Superior" ratings by the senior rater.
    • Must be fully deployable, able to meet all physical requirements in accordance with AR 40-501, be able to take and pass an approved APFT in accordance with FM 21-20, and meet height/weight standards in accordance with AR 600-9.
    • Must have a written endorsement letter (LOR) from an interview with a CW2-CW5. Active Duty candidates must receive their LOR from a 131A who is currently on Active Duty (not waiverable).


    *Any prerequisite not met will require a prerequisite waiver in writing to proponent. Be advised that submitting a prerequisite waiver does not constitute automatic approval.

    PREFERRED QUALIFICATIONS FOR ACTIVE COMPONENTS

    • Hold an associate degree or higher from an accredited college or university.
    • Complete the following correspondence courses on Doctrine Networked Education and Training (DOCNET): all intelligence, operations, and joint and planning courses.


    NOTE: All selectees will attend the 30-week WOBC at Fort Sill, OK.

    NOTE: Army National Guard programs and benefits are subject to change. Your local warrant officer recruiter has the most up-to-date information about job availability and bonuses in your state.

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